We employ a concentric sphere Mie scattering model to describe light scattering by pulmonary alveoli and airway surface liquid (ASL). Using this layered sphere model, we compare alveolar scattering at different points along the respiratory cycle and observe the effect of ASL thickness on light scattering in the lung. We have also extrapolated the model to investigate alveolar scattering in various animal models of pulmonary disease. This model of pulmonary light scattering can estimate in vivo optical properties for normal and pathological states, potentially aiding the design of optical systems for diagnosis and investigation of pulmonary pathologies.
Durkee MS, Fletcher GK, Carlson C, Matheson K, Swift SK, Maitland DJ, Cirillo JD, Maitland KC, “Light scattering by pulmonary alveoli and airway surface liquid using a concentric sphere model,” Optics Letters, 43(20), 5001-5004, 2018.